25 Best annual plants to grow in spring and fall
Know the best plants to have in your gardenGet help from gardeners
- What are annual flowering plants?
- What are hardy annuals, half-hardy annuals, and tender annuals?
- Annual flowers and plants to sow in spring
- Annual flowers and plants to sow in fall
- Beautify your garden with annual plants
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Therapeutic and relaxing – that’s what gardening has become for some of us. Many people have begun to grow their own plants and vegetables, and it doesn’t look like its popularity will be dying down anytime soon. If you’re an aspiring gardener and are looking for the best annual flowers to grow, we’ve got you covered!
What are annual flowering plants?
Annuals are plants that are easy to grow, and they flower really fast! They finish their life cycle within one growing season, which means an annual’s roots, stems, and leaves die within only one year. Annuals are relatively cheaper than their counterpart, perennials, which live for three or more years.
|See also: Perennial, annual, and biennial plants: How are they different?
What are hardy annuals, half-hardy annuals, and tender annuals?
You’ve probably seen these terms on gardening websites, too. Basically, hardy annual flowers grow well outdoors and can handle cold temperatures. They grow best when planted directly in the ground (not in containers). Half-hardy annual plants, on the other hand, can survive a few cold nights but should not be directly exposed to frost. Tender annuals, aka summer annuals, thrive in the heat.
Here’s a quick guide to the best annual plants and when you should grow them:
Annual flowers and plants to sow in spring
According to the Royal Horticultural Society, spring is the best time to plant hardy annuals, which can tolerate light frost. If you prefer to plant half-hardy annuals, they should be grown under glass or on a windowsill in late spring.
This slender, annual flowering plant produces pretty funnel-shaped pink and white blossoms! Godetia is now part of the genus Clarkia as an ode to expeditioner William Clark. He discovered them in the alpine forests of California and the Pacific Northwest, harvesting their seeds and sharing them with the rest of the world.
2. Baby’s breath
Do you want star-shaped flowers in white or pink? When it comes to baby’s breath, it’s best to cut back after flowering to encourage a second rush of flowers.
3. Night-scented stock
This plant's small and pale flowers have a pleasing scent, which is why it's commonly grown in containers placed near windows and doors. Night-scented stock can provide you with daily aromatherapy.
4. Corn cockle
This upright annual has five-petaled purple flowers, which are particularly attractive to bees. Corn cockle petals are usually more than two inches long and have notable dots or lines that guide pollinators to the center of the flower.
5. Amaranth or love-lies-bleeding
This plant has “tassels” made up of tiny crimson or purple flowers that cascade to the ground. The flower’s tassels show up in the middle of summer and continue growing until the first frost.
|See also: 25 Best perennial plants that bloom in the US
6. Poached egg plant
Made up of bowl-shaped yellow flowers with white tips, the poached egg plant is also known as “meadow foam”! Its genus, Limnanthes douglasii, refers to a Scottish botanist named David Douglas. He discovered the poached egg plant while visiting America to collect new flowers to enrich British gardens.
7. Fairy bouquet group
Are you looking for flowers that will add that much-needed splash of colour to your garden? The Linaria maroccana, aka fairy bouquet group, blooms in the summer, with colours ranging from orange, pink, white, and yellow.
8. Sunflower valentine
We’re all familiar with this bright yellow flower. Sunflowers are best planted during spring and are sure to flower well in the summer.
9. Blue bedder
This violet-blue flower grows well outdoors under full sun! As the plant ages, its petals gradually become magenta or pink. Blue bedders are very attractive to bees and other pollinating creatures, and you can grow them in sunny places with moderately fertile soil.
Nasturtiums come in cream, yellow, orange, and red flowers and are best planted from March to May. They produce edible flowers, too.
11. Mardi Gras
These have abundant, star-shaped flowers in yellow and red. The Mardi Gras plant flowers for at least two months, so you’ll get to enjoy these one-of-a-kind buds for quite a long time.
12. Bells of Ireland
Also known as the Irish bell flower, this plant produces toothed leaves and emerald green bells for its flowers. You can use the plant for fresh or dried flower arrangements since it lasts long even after you cut it.
13. Annual clary sage
Unlike most plants, the annual clary sage is more known for its colourful purple, pink, or white leaves, not its flowers. Just look how pretty the leaves are!
Annual flowers and plants to sow in fall
Hardy annuals are also ideal to plant in fall. They will flower earlier than those sown in the spring! According to the Royal Horticultural Society, some hardy plants will need to be protected with cloches or horticultural fleece if there are forecasts of hard frost. Here’s a list of hardy annual seeds you can choose from:
14. White laceflower
Also known as Orlaya grandiflora, these annuals are especially attractive to insects for pollination. Each stem usually has clusters of eight to ten flowers, resulting in a lace-like pattern. The plant’s blooming period starts in summer and ends at the first frost.
15. Bishop’s weed
If you’re fond of small, compound flowers, this is the annual plant for you! It can grow very quickly and fill up confined spaces. If you don’t grow it strategically, the “weed” part of its name might become a reality.
Also known as “Miss Jekyll,” this annual plant produces pretty sky blue flowers. Also, its long-lasting seed pods resemble small fairy lanterns, evoking feelings of whimsy and wonder.
17. Greater quaking grass
Not all annual plants in your garden have to be flowers. Take the quaking grass, for example. The RHS tells us that it forms “a tuft of flat, linear leaves, with panicles of large, flat, ovate, pale yellow spikelets which dangle from slender branches.”
18. Bachelor’s button
To make these deep blue flowers look even brighter, it’s a good idea to plant them next to marigolds or poppies. Bachelor’s buttons are also called cornflowers because they’re abundant in European cornfields. Their long-lasting stems make them perfect for cut flower arrangements.
Honesty produces heart-shaped leaves and purple flowers. It’s also a plant that readily self-seeds. Just watch out for insect damage; the green caterpillars of orange-tipped butterflies love honesty.
20. Opium poppy
If you’re in need of a dramatic flower, the opium poppy is here for you. It produces wide flowers with large purple, pink, red, or white petals! You can dry its seeds and use them when baking pastries or making floral arrangements.
21. Ladybird poppy
This plant has crimson flowers with large black spots, which is why it's aptly named after a lookalike insect! Ladybird poppies grow in deep, fertile soil under full sun and are hardy border plants that can also grow in flower beds.
22. Baby blue eyes
This is a low-growing plant that produces flowers with six curved petals, which could be white or soft blue in colour. Just looking at baby blue eyes has a calming effect.
Another common name for it is the “annual delphinium,” and it can be planted in pots and containers or directly in your flower bed. The plant’s wonderful sky or navy blue blossoms make it one of the most popular annual flowers among gardeners and homeowners alike.
24. Honeywort purpurascens
Are you looking for plants with unusually shaped flowers? Honeywort produces blue-green leaves alongside purple-blue tubular flowers inside blue bracts. The plants are a favourite among bees!
25. Foxtail barley
This ornamental grass has long green spikelets, which usually have hints of red at their tips. Foxtail barely is also low-maintenance, easily growing in sunny areas with well-drained soil.
Beautify your garden with annual plants
Overall, figuring out what to plant in your garden can be overwhelming. But don’t worry. These days, you can get your choice of plants and other essential gardening materials delivered straight to your doorstep. You can also opt to have a specialist take care of your repotting and landscaping needs. Post a task on our platform today!
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