man installing a cooker hood in the kitchen

How to install a cooker hood in 7 steps

Adding a cooker hood to your kitchen improves its air quality.

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Key Steps

  • Do the prep work. Ensure that your chosen cooker hood unit matches your stove dimensions, have the right tools ready, and obtain any permits necessary.

  • Follow the steps closely. It’s important to mark where you’ll mount your hood and identify any ductwork obstructions before installing your cooker hood.

  • Refer to your manufacturer’s instructions. Always keep it on hand, and ask a professional for advice.

According to a recent study, a cooker hood is the most effective mitigation approach to reducing pollutants from your cooking surface, such as smoke, steam, heat, grease, and other contaminants. It is key to proper ventilation in your kitchen area.

Sometimes, a cooker hood may be purchased with a stove. If you’re considering fitting your cooker with a cooker hood as part of a kitchen renovation project, you can hire a professional installer to do the job.

If you prefer to do it yourself, we’ll cover how to fit a cooker hood step by step, plus some additional tips, in this guide.

Things You’ll Need

  • Cooker hood

  • Ductwork (if necessary)

  • Duct wall or roof cap

  • Screws

  • Drill & drill bit set

  • Level

  • Tape measure

  • Pliers

  • Hole saw

  • Wire strippers

  • Wire nuts

  • Foil & electrical tape

  • Safety glasses

  • Gloves

Time of Completion

Depending on the extent of the renovation—mainly hood ductwork—it can take up to 5 hours or more to install a cooker hood on your own. Some prep work is vital to get done ahead of time.

You may need to secure a permit to install a new cooker hood. Check your local building codes for requirements. You should also have taken stock of your stove dimensions before purchasing your new cooker hood.

Installing a cooker hood in 7 steps

If you’re replacing an existing cooker hood, your first step would be to safely remove it by shutting off power, unscrewing the wire nuts, and detaching all connections. However, if you’re installing a new cooker hood, follow along in the steps below.

Step 1: Choose the right location

person opening a range hood

The first thing to do is find the proper position to install your cooker hood. It should have enough clearance between the cooker hood and be centred over the stove.

Most cooker hoods come with manufacturer instructions or a paper template to help you mark the spot in your wall or cabinet before cutting or drilling. Remember to keep holes for mounting, venting, and electricals—use a pencil to trace these so it will be easier to install the vented cooker hoods later.

Step 2: Determine the routing for ductwork

range hood duct work

This step depends on whether you’re using ducted or ductless cooker hoods. Ductless cooker hoods do not vent the air outside of your home and circulate it instead. Ducted cooker hoods either draw air to the side of your house or upward through the ceiling.

For a ducted cooker hood, you should identify the most accessible venting location. Often, this will be directly behind the wall, but it may also be through the ceiling. Ensure there’s no electrical cable wiring or plumbing behind the wall. Meanwhile, if you’re placing the cooker hood over a kitchen island, you must route venting through the roof. 

If you’re unsure which route would be shorter, you may need to enlist an electrician to check for you. In the following steps, we’ll discuss the first option—routing the ductwork through the wall.

Step 3: Cut the hole for the ductwork

Once you’ve determined the ductwork route, it’s time to start cutting. The size of the hole will depend on the size of the ductwork, and you can use a hole saw to cut the hole in the wall behind your stove. Then, use a long drill bit to penetrate through the drywall to create locator holes near the venting hole, which will get the ducting through to the outdoors.

Next, cut the exterior vent pipe hole using the locator holes. Use a hole saw according to the shape and size of your venting hole.

Step 4: Install the ductwork

Start from the exterior and work your way in when installing your ductwork. Insert ducting through your vent hole, ensuring it spans from the outside to the cooker hood. You may need to use foil tape to connect sections of the duct and install the necessary elbows or bends.

Step 5: Install wiring

You must connect the wires to the electrical outlet if the range is hardwired. If the cooker hood is plug-in, you must connect the plug to an outlet—you must install a plug if you don’t have an existing one.

Turn off power at the circuit breaker and test it with an electrical tester. Then, connect the wires according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Calling an electrician for assistance is best if you don’t fully understand this step.

Step 6: Secure the cooker hood to the wall

person securing the range hood hinges

When your wiring and ductwork are sorted out, position your new cooker hood and prepare to secure it with mounting screws. You can do this alone, but it’s safer to enlist the assistance of an additional person. Have your helper keep the hood in place while you check that the wiring and ducting are aligned, and you use a screwdriver to tighten the mounting screws.

Step 7: Turn on the power and test the cooker hood

Once your cooker hood is in place, reset the power and see if the cooker hood fans and lights are working correctly. You may also check out the exterior to see if the ductwork is venting as it should.

Additional tips for installing your cooker hood

For a smoother cooker hood installation process, consider the following tips:

  • Ensure the cooker hood is the right size for your stove; take its dimensions before purchasing a new one.

  • Always follow manufacturer instructions when you run into anything you’re unsure about.

  • Be careful not to damage the cooker hood during installation to avoid costly repairs. While you can install it independently, having a second person ready to help with any heavy lifting or testing is better.

Cooker hood installation: Should you DIY?

A cooker hood can be an essential part of your kitchen and improve its overall look. Remember that you can always hire a professional. For instance, electrical wiring and roof ducting may need more technical know-how. Find a professional installer near you on Airtasker and get your cooker fitted more efficiently.

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FAQs on fitting a cooker hood

It does require some technical skill to install a cooker hood, as you’ll be dealing with electricals and needing to cut through your wall or ceiling for ductwork. If you’re uncomfortable with the process, consider hiring a professional.

Yes, you can—it may be easier than installing a new one as you’ll know where to mount it and have existing holes for installing ductwork, if applicable.

In the UK, installing a cooker hood costs an average of £120 to £500. 

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